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On the occasion of the International Day of Desertification and Combating Drought, which falls on June 17 of each year, the United Foundation (FUAD) held a discussion session on the causes, consequences and negative effects of desertification on humans, and indicated that the most important causes of desertification are the lack of rain, overgrazing, deforestation and the failure to use modern sustainable technologies in agriculture and climate change And others, and that the most important negative consequences are the lack of food production and the displacement of the population.

There are 3 trillion trees on earth, the quota per person in Canada is 7000 trees, and in Russia 3000 trees. In Erbil, the individual has 3 trees, and in Basra, one tree for every 7 individuals.

Iraq has recently witnessed a significant decline in the levels of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, water years are scarce, during which water revenues are less than their general rates.

, so that it became insufficient for the needs of normal consumption. Currently, several regions in Iraq suffer from a severe shortage of drinking water and watering crops.